Hollowing Out the Countryside
According to official statistics, Indonesia lost 5.1 million farmers between 2003 and 2013: a rate of decline that, if extended, would mean losing its entire farming population by 2063. This migration constrains the country's ability to provide enough nutritious food for its large and growing population.
Made Anthony Iswara explores this trend, interviewing farmers, food companies, and experts to explore what is driving urban migration. His analysis highlights reasons like low incomes, middlemen capturing the value chain, and the rise of processed foods, and presents some of the policy and technological solutions people on-the-ground are pursuing.
Indonesia is not the only country going through this transition: this article provides insights relevant to any developing country undergoing the shift from the countryside to the city.